mustard gas

ipritas statusas T sritis apsauga nuo naikinimo priemonių apibrėžtis Pūliuojamoji patvarioji kovinė nuodingoji medžiaga, dar vadinama garstyčių dujos. Pirmą kartą panaudojo vokiečiai prie Ipro upės Pirmojo pasaulinio karo metu. Garstyčių arba česnako kvapo, bespalvis, riebus, sunkesnis už vandenį skystis, blogai tirpsta vandenyje ir gana gerai – organiniuose tirpikliuose. Lydymosi temperatūra 14,5 °C, virimo temperatūra 217 °C. Visapusiško poveikio nuodingoji medžiaga, turi slaptojo poveikio periodą, kumuliacinį poveikį, smarkiai veikia akis. Kovinė būsena – garai, aerozolis ir lašai. Sąlyginė mirtinoji dozė įkvėpus 1,5 mg·min/l (slaptasis periodas nuo 4 val. iki paros), pro odą – 70 mg/kg, pro virškinimo traktą – 1–2 mg/kg. Apsauga – dujokaukė, odos IAP, individualusis cheminis paketas. atitikmenys: angl. mustard gas rus. иприт

Apsaugos nuo naikinimo priemonių enciklopedinis žodynas. – Vilnius: Generolo Jono Žemaičio Lietuvos karo akademija. . 2002.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mustard gas — n. [from its odor, like that of ground mustard] an oily, volatile liquid, (CH2ClCH2) 2S, used in warfare as a poison gas because of its extremely irritating, blistering, and disabling effects …   English World dictionary

  • mustard gas — n an irritant oily liquid C4H8Cl2S used esp. as a chemical weapon that causes blistering, attacks the eyes and lungs, and is a systemic poison called also dichlorethyl sulfide, sulfur mustard * * * dichlorodiethyl sulfide …   Medical dictionary

  • mustard gas — n [U] a poisonous gas that burns the skin, first used during the First World War …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • mustard gas — mustard ,gas noun uncount a poisonous gas that burns your skin, eyes, nose, throat, and lungs, used especially in World War I …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • mustard gas — ► NOUN ▪ a liquid whose vapour causes severe irritation and blistering, used in chemical weapons …   English terms dictionary

  • mustard gas — noun a toxic war gas with sulfide based compounds that raises blisters and attacks the eyes and lungs; there is no known antidote • Syn: ↑mustard agent, ↑blistering agent, ↑dichloroethyl sulfide, ↑sulfur mustard • Hypernyms: ↑poison gas,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • mustard gas — /ˈmʌstəd gæs/ (say mustuhd gas) noun a chemical warfare agent, (ClCH2CH2)2S, stored in liquid form, producing burns, blindness, and death, introduced by German forces in World War I; yperite. Mustard gas was first used by the German army in… …   Australian English dictionary

  • mustard gas — noun A vesicant gas, bis (2 chloroethyl) sulfide, (ClCH)S, once used in chemical warfare; one of the sulfur mustard class of compounds. The man who survived mustard gas and pepper spray is now a seasoned veteran …   Wiktionary

  • mustard gas — N UNCOUNT Mustard gas is a gas which burns the skin and was used in war as a weapon …   English dictionary

  • mustard gas — ipritas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Kovinė nuodingoji medžiaga. formulė (ClCH₂CH₂)₂S atitikmenys: angl. yperite; mustard gas rus. горчичный газ; иприт ryšiai: sinonimas – bis(2 chloretil)sulfidas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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